Photograph courtesy of Sara Ashpole.
Okanagan Similkameen Conservation Alliance Photograph courtesy of Sara Ashpole. toad_spadefoot
Description

Spadefoots are unique desert-adapted amphibians that look very much like toads. They are small and squat with stubby noses and eyes with a vertical pupil. They are nocturnal foragers who eat a variety of insects and aquatic plants. Spadefoots have to watch out for fish, birds, non-native bullfrogs and even snakes which will eat them. Adults spadefoots can be up to 6 cm in length.

Habitat

They need ponds or temporary pools of water for eggs and tadpoles. Spadefoot adults require deep, loose soils for burrowing and foraging. Since they move between aquatic and terrestrial habitats, crossing roads can be a hazard.

At risk amphibians need your help!

In the Okanagan and Similkameen, rapid urban and agricultural expansion is taking over critical amphibian habitat. As our summers get warmer, wetlands are drying up so it is harder to find ponds to lay eggs. Introduced fish such as bass and perch eat eggs, larvae and adults, making many wetlands into death traps. Global warming has also been hard on amphibians all over the world. Increasing ultraviolet rays affects the skin of amphibians and can make them more vulnerable to disease.

What you can do

  • Maintain and restore ponds, seasonal flooded areas, and wetlands so amphibians can use them.
  • Build exit structures so amphibians don’t get trapped in artificial water features such as swimming pools and hot tubs.
  • Keep cattle and horses away from natural ponds or restrict their access.
  • Keep the natural habitat around small ponds and lakes.
  • Please don’t release pet frogs or live fish into natural ponds. Bullfrogs and non-native fish are major predators to local amphibians.
  • Please don’t ride bikes or ATVs near wet meadows or ponds. Soil compaction can destroy the habitat for amphibians.
  • Use pesticides responsibly and remember that run-off chemicals can get into local water systems.

If you want to learn the various amphibian calls and join a volunteer monitoring program please refer to BC Frogwatch at www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frogwatch.

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